Punakha Dzong was built at the confluence of two major rivers in Bhutan

Bhutan's festivals are extremely lively and vibrant

most amazing country and offers some of the best unspoiled trekking

River rafting of Bhutan is popular in male river and female river at Punakha.


  • Location:

Southern Asia, between China and India

Geographic coordinates:

27 30 N, 90 30 E


total: 38,394 sq km

land: 38,394 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 1,136 km

border countries (2): China 477 km, India 659 km


varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas


mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna


mean elevation: 2,220 m

elevation extremes: lowest point: DrangemeChhu 97 m

highest point: GangkarPuensum 7,570 m


Natural resources:

timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate

Ethnic groups:

Ngalop (also known as Bhote) 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%


Sharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)


Lamaistic Buddhist 75.3%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 22.1%, other 2.6% (2005 est.)


741,919 (July 2015 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 26.76% (male 101,418/female 97,132)

15-24 years: 19.68% (male 74,373/female 71,600)

25-54 years: 41.6% (male 164,520/female 144,089)

55-64 years: 5.85% (male 23,271/female 20,144)

65 years and over: 6.12% (male 23,754/female 21,618) (2015 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.11% (2015 est.)

Birth rate:

17.78 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)

Death rate:

6.69 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)


urban population: 38.6% of total population (2015)

rate of urbanization: 3.69% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:

THIMPHU (capital) 152,000 (2014)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.14 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.1 male(s)/female

total population: 1.09 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 69.51 years

male: 68.56 years

female: 70.51 years (2015 est.)


  • Country name:

conventional long form: Kingdom of Bhutan

conventional short form: Bhutan

local long form: DrukGyalkhap

local short form: DrukYul

etymology: named after the Bhotia, the ethnic Tibetans who migrated from Tibet to Bhutan; Bod is the Tibetan name for their land; the Bhutanese name "DrukYul" means "Land of the Thunder Dragon

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Depsi, Thimphu, BHUTAN

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